In his book The Secret Race: Inside the Hidden World of the Tour de France, former American cyclist Tyler Hamilton explained how competitors used TUEs to hide unfair practices: “…Team doctors would invent some phantom problem — a bad knee, saddle sore — and write a note allowing you to use cortisone or some similar substance.”
Cortisone and corticosteroids — for which Serena and Venus tested positive — increase airflow to the lungs by opening the airways, and also reduce pain during high intensity exercise. That could explain why 60% of cyclists at the 2006 Tour de France were using TUEs.
Indeed the use of TUEs has been increasing steadily. According to WADA’s own report, approved Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE) in ADAMs (Anti-Doping Administration & Management System) increased by between 40% and 50% every year. There were 636 approved TUEs in 2013, 897 in 2014 and 1,330 in 2015.
Natalie Portman should rightfully win the Oscar for best actress, but Emma Stone will almost certainly get it instead
1. Did Hillary's America: The Secret History of the Democratic Party deserve to win the Golden Rasberry award for worst picture given the tough opposition it was up against, including Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice - Yes or No?
41 years ago, in 1976, 2nd Division Southampton 'beat' then top flight 1st Division Manchester United with an off side goal scored by the late Bobby Stokes (a blatant off side goal which referee Cilve Thomas should have spotted). Today, Manchester United and Southampton meet again in a cup final (the League Cup final) for the first time since 1976. Nevertheless, unlike in 1976, they are teams who are both in the top flight. Back in 1976, the fact that a team outside of the top flight could win the FA Cup was a huge shock. Back then, the FA Cup was far more prestigious than it is today and all clubs put out full strength sides, as winning it was on a par with winning the then top flight first division title. It was the one game broadcast live in those days and it attracted huge ratings. It was Britains equivalent to the Super Bowl. Whilst the FA Cup has gone into decline since then with the rise of the Premier League, in this seasons FA Cup, Lincoln City, a non-league side have made it to the quarter finals and could go further. The last non-league side to win the FA Cup was Tottenham Hotspur in 1901 (the only time it has happened - the match was filmed by Pathe. Spurs were notorious for winning major trophies in years ending in 1 during the 20th Century. This was the first). Will Lincoln City or any other non-league side at some point in the future emulate that feat and win the the FA Cup - Yes or No?
Given that so many teams put out considerably weakened sides right up to the latter stages of the competition, a lower league/non-league side winning the cup is no longer as implausible as people think. Just goes to show that in English football, nothing else matters beyond the Premier League (including the national side)
ETA - Revenge of the Red Devils - Manchester United beat Southampton in today's League Cup Final 3-2
Fred & Ginger famously reunited in 1949 after 10 years apart in the film, The Barkleys of Broadway. Ginger was a last minute replacement for Judy Garland, who had starred a year earlier with Fred in Easter Parade. Would The Barkleys of Broadway have been a better film with Judy Garland in it instead of Ginger - Yes or No?
Matt Damon (between Matt and his friend Ben Affleck, Matt is also the no-brainer choice because he's brainier and a better actor!)
(Cartwright clan on the old series, Bonanza. All wonderful human beings. After recently learning more about Pernell Roberts, a multi-talented man for all seasons who left the show in 1965, because of the limitations imposed on plot and characters, I would go with him. Or, of course, Landon who went on to create Little House on the Prairie long-running tv series).