According to ISU Rule 109:
The plain language of the Rule indicates that if a skater competes in a non-championship-level international competition for one country, he must wait a full year from the July 1 immediately following that competition to compete for a second country, even if he has citizenship.2. a) In principle, a Skater may compete only as a member of the Member of the country of which he is a citizen.
b) A Skater may compete for the Member of the country of which he is not a citizen if he fulfils the following conditions:
ii) before July 1st immediately prior to his first International Competition as a member of the Member, he has not competed in any International Competition or ISU Championship for another Member during the twelve (12) preceding months;
iii) before July 1st immediately prior to his first ISU Championship as a member of the Member, he has not competed in any International Competition or ISU Championship for another Member during the eighteen (18) preceding months
3. If a Skater, who has already represented one Member in an International Competition or ISU Championship, intends to compete in the future for another Member, regardless of the grounds on which the possibility of such change is based, such Skater shall be subject to the waiting periods set forth in subparagraphs 2.b) ii) and iii) above.
Bariev-Righini competed for Russia at two Senior "B" competitions in the fall of 2012. Polina Shelepen competed for Russia at four international competitions last season. It would appear that neither one can compete internationally this season, so, unless Shelepen is injured or decided after considerable thought to retire from international competition, I expect that we will be reading in the not too distant future about either a disappointed young man or an outraged young woman.