The original thread Sylvia started when the announcement with the qualification rules came out in February is here:
Qualification is based on the ten highest country totals of:
World Standings points earned by the highest-placed skater/team from each discipline at 2013 World Championships or, if no one from the country got WS points, then from 2013 Euros/4C's, and if still no WS points earned, then WS points from 2013 Jr. Worlds
World Standings points earned by the highest-placed skater/team at this year's GP or GPF. If no one from the country competes at GP for the discipline, then the WS points earned by the highest-placed skater/team at this year's JGP (but not JGPF).
Since the JGP/GP season hasn't ended, there are only eight teams that are clear to qualify in the Top 10, barring disaster: RUS, CAN, USA, FRA, ITA, CHN, JPN, and GER. Each country has at least one entry in every discipline except ITA for Men, and GER for Ladies; GER will earn at least 186 for Lutricia Bock's 7th at JGP Riga. The Top 8 at each GP earn WS points, which is every finisher in Pairs and Dance and all but two in singles. Liebers might be on the cusp in his two GP's, in which case they'd be looking at one of their Junior Men to place at least 10th in the remainder of the JGP's.
That Don Guy compiled the 2013 championship points in this post:
The only adjustment to ones at the top is to Italy, with 2475, because Bacchini's placement was listed inconsistently on the ISU site, but that won't impact the Top 10.
At the end of Worlds, Spain was sitting in 10th, 141 points behind 9th place South Korea. Assuming Kim and Fernandez, the only GP participants from their countries, are healthy and compete at GPF, Spain won't catch KOR, which has earned 312 JGP points in Men and Pairs so far. Hurtado/Diaz and Sonia Lafuente are too far down the SB list to get GP spots, and it has no JGP skaters/teams in Ladies, Dance, or Pairs.
Just behind Spain are KAZ (203 points behind) and UKR (292 points behind). Denis Ten is the only KAZ skater in GP or JGP, and Fernandez would have to do poorly and Ten well for KAZ to catch up with Spain. UKR doesn't have anyone who can place as well as a healthy Fernandez, although UKR will get at least 225 from their Ukrainian-born Jr. Dance team's silver at JGP in Gdansk.
Spain should make the team event to skate the SP/SD, but, like South Korea shouldn't be competitive for the final, even if Fernandez and Kim win the SP, because they don't have Pairs teams to appoint to earn even a single point, and all things being equal, Spains Ladies and Dance and Korea's Men and dance would be close to or at the bottom.